Audit of accounts of Municipalities. ? The Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Amendment Regulation, 1978 Andhra Pradesh Regulation 1 of 1978. The Himachal Pradesh Transfer of Land Regulation Amendment Act, 1986 Himachal Pradesh Act 16 of 1986. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion No person shall be compelled to pay any taxes, the proceeds of which are specifically appropriated in payment of expenses for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religions denomination. ? Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies The President may make such provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the Governor of a State in any contingency not provided for in this Chapter. Trade and commerce with foreign countries; import and export across customs frontiers; definition of customs frontiers.
This establishes that there are no unreasonable restrictions on Indian citizens in term of what they think, their manner of expressions and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. Stamp duties other than duties or fees collected by means of judicial stamps, but not including rates of stamp duty. Right to Equality 14 Equality before law. It is perfectly possible today, for the majority people to hold that the socialist organisation of society is better than the organisation of society. Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language 1 The President shall, at the expiration of five years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, by order constitute a Commission which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members representing the different languages specified in the English Schedule as the President may appoint, and the order shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission. The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum 1 Save as otherwise provided in this Constitution, all questions at any sitting of a House of the legislature of a State shall be determined by a majority of votes of the members present and voting, other than the Speaker or Chairman, or person acting as such.
The number of seats reserved for the in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies was also frozen. Power of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases Until provision is made by Parliament under clause 7 of Article 22, or until the expiration of one year from the commencement of this Constitution, whichever is earlier, the said article shall have effect as if for any reference to Parliament in clauses 4 and 7 thereof there were substituted a reference to the Parliament in those clauses there were substituted a reference to an order made by the President. Amendments made to the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1950 Uttar Pradesh Act I of 1951 by the Uttar Pradesh Land Laws Amendment Act, 1971 Uttar Pradesh Act 21 of 1971 and the Uttar Pradesh Land Laws Amendment Act, 1974 Uttar Pradesh Act 34 of 1974. The Tamil Nadu Land Reforms Fixation of Ceiling on Land Second Amendment Act, 1974 Tamil Nadu Act 32 of 1974. The constitution will not allow for any sort of discrimination on the basis of religion or race, and therefore, secularism is implied in all parts of India. Powers to impose taxes by, and funds of, the Panchayats. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the.
The West Bengal Estate Acquisition Amendment Act, 1977 West Bengal Act 36 of 1977. Explanation- For the purposes of this article, a person shall not be deemed to hold any office of profit by reason only that he is the President or Vice-President of the Union or the Governor of any State or is a Minister either for the Union or for any State. Entering into treaties and agreements with foreign countries and implementing of treaties, agreements and conventions with foreign countries. Union agencies and institutions for? Naval, military and air force works. These provisions ensure the protection of cultural identifies customs and economic and political interests of the original inhabitants of these areas. Constitution of finance Commissions to review financial position. At the time that the Constitution was enacted, inclusion in this list meant that the language was entitled to representation on the Official Languages Commission, and that the language would be one of the bases that would be drawn upon to enrich Hindi, the official language of the Union.
Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of Articles 301 to 304 Parliament may by law appoint such authority as it considers appropriate for carrying out the purposes of Articles 301, 302, 303 and 304, and confer on the authority so appointed such powers and such duties as it thinks necessary. The President of India There shall be a President of India. Rights of citizenship of certain persons of India origin residing outside India Notwithstanding anything in Article 5, any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grand-parents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 as originally enacted , and who is ordinarily residing in any country outside India as so defined shall be deemed to be a citizen of India if he has been registered as a citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country where he is for the time being residing on an application made by him therefor to such diplomatic or consular representative, whether before or after the commencement of this Constitution, in the form and manner prescribed by the Government of the Dominion of India or the Government of India. Validation of certain Acts and Regulations Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in Article 31A, none of the Acts and Regulations specified in the Ninth Schedule nor any of the provisions thereof shall be deemed to be void, or ever to have become void, on the ground that such Act, Regulation or provision is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by, any provisions of this Part, and notwithstanding any judgment, decree or order of any court or tribunal to the contrary, each of the said Acts and Regulations shall, subject to the power of any competent Legislature to repeal or amend it, continue in force. There shall be paid to the Judges of High Courts, in respect of time spent on actual service, salary at the following rates per mensem, that is to say,? The Constitution provides for a three-fold distribution of legislative subjects between the Centre and the states, viz.
? The remaining clauses were all amended in the Lok Sabha before being passed. Taxes on the sale or purchase of newspapers and on advertisements published therein. The structure of the constitution also delineates the accountabilities of each utility. She is also certified in Travel Writing from Stanford Continuing Studies. Power of the Deputy chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman 1 While the office of Chairman is vacant, or during any period when the vice-President is acting as, or discharging the functions of, President, the duties of the office shall be performed by the Deputy chairman, or, if the office of Deputy chairman is also vacant, by such member of the council of States as the President may appoint for the purpose. Rates of stamp duty in respect of documents other than those specified in the provisions of List I with regard to rates of stamp duty.
Special provision as to elections to Parliament in the case of Prime Minister and Speaker. Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram. Check out more such articles. The West Bengal Land Reforms Amendment Act, 1981 West Bengal Act 50 of 1981. The Parliament was given unrestrained power to amend any parts of the Constitution, without judicial review. Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland 1 Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution,- a no Act of Parliament in respect of - i religious or social practices of the Nagas, ii Naga customary law and procedure, iii administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary law, iv ownership and transfer of land and its resources, shall apply to the State of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland by a resolution so decides; b the Governor of Nagaland shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Nagaland for so long as in his opinion internal disturbances occurring in the Naga Hills-Tuensang Area immediately before the formation of that State continue therein or in any part thereof and in the discharge of his functions in relation thereto the Governor shall, after consulting the Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken: Provided that if any question arises whether any matter is or is not a matter as respects which the Governor is under this sub-clause required to act in the exercise of his individual judgment, the decision of the Governor in his discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in the exercise of his individual judgment: Provided further that if the President on receipt of a report from the Governor or otherwise is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the Governor to have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Nagaland, he may by order direct that the Governor shall cease to have such responsibility with effect from such date as may be specified in the order;? Conduct of Government Business 77. It embraces psychological as well as territorial dimensions of National Integration.
Something to check out on you volunteering trip to India this time. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People The House of the People shall, as soon as may be, choose two members of the House to be respectively Speaker and Deputy Speaker thereof and, so often as the office of Speaker or Deputy Speaker becomes vacant, the House shall choose another member to be Speaker or Deputy Speaker, as the case may be. Notwithstanding anything in this Part, any provision of any law relating to Municipalities in force in a State immediately before the commencement of the Constitution Seventy-fourth Amendment Act, 1992, which is inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall continue to be in force until amended or repealed by a competent Legislature or other competent authority or until the expiration of one year from such commencement, whichever is earlier: Provided that all the Municipalities existing immediately before such commencement shall continue till the expiration of their duration, unless sooner dissolved by a resolution passed to that effect by the Legislative Assembly of that State or, in the case of a State having a Legislative Council, by each House of the Legislature of that State. Suits and proceedings 1 The Governor of India may sue or be sued by the name of the Union and the Government of a State may sue or be sued by the name of the State and may, subject to any provisions which may be made by Act of Parliament or of the Legislature of such State enacted by virtue of powers conferred by this Constitution, sue or be sued in relation to their respective affairs in the like cases as the Dominion of India and the corresponding Provinces or the corresponding Indian States might have sued or been sued if this Constitution had not been enacted. The Indian Constitution was one of the first steps taken by an Independent India to form the base for a democratic nation.
The constitution is a living document, an instrument which makes the government system work. The Maharashtra Land Revenue Code and the Maharashtra Restoration of Lands to Scheduled Tribes Second Amendment Act, 1976 Maharashtra Act 30 of 1977. Thanks in advance for implementing this suggestion. Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc. Disputes relating to Waters 262. Appropriation Bills 1 As soon as may be after the grants under article 203 have been made by the Assembly, there shall be introduced a Bill to provide for the appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of the State of all moneys required to meet- a the grants so made by the assembly; and b the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of the State but not exceeding in any case the amount shown in the statement previously laid before the House or Houses. Provinces under the names of Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur and the Territories specified in sub-section 1 of section 5 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.